By Siobhan Kattago
Ambiguous reminiscence examines the position of reminiscence within the development of a brand new nationwide identification in reunified Germany. the writer keeps that the contentious debates surrounding modern monumnets to the Nazi previous testify to the paradox of German reminiscence and the continuing hyperlink of Nazism with modern German nationwide identification. The ebook discusses how yes monuments, and the methods Germans have considered them, give a contribution to the various methods Germans have handled the previous, and the way they proceed to house it as one kingdom. Kattago concludes that West Germans have internalized their Nazi prior as a normative orientation for the democratic tradition of West Germany, whereas East Germans have universalized Nazism and the Holocaust, remodeling it into an abstraction within which the Jewish query is down performed. so as to shape a brand new collective reminiscence, the writer argues that unified Germany needs to cope with those conflicting perspectives of the prior, incorporating convinced facets of either perspectives. offering a topography of East, West, and unified German reminiscence in the course of the Eighties and the Nineteen Nineties, this paintings contributes to a greater knowing of up to date nationwide identification and society. the writer exhibits how public debate over such matters at Ronald Reagan's stopover at to Bitburg, the renarration of Buchenwald as Nazi and Soviet internment camp, the Goldhagen controversy, and the Holocaust Memorial debate in Berlin give a contribution to the complexities surrounding the best way Germans see themselves, their courting to the earlier, and their destiny id as a country. In a cautious research, the writer exhibits how the earlier was once used and abused through either the East and the West within the Nineteen Eighties, and the way those techniques merged within the Nineteen Nineties. This fascinating new paintings takes a sociological method of the function of reminiscence in forging a brand new, integrative nationwide identification.
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Extra info for Ambiguous Memory: The Nazi Past and German National Identity
Walter Benjamin, "On Some Theses in Baudelaire," in his Illuminations, 159. 34. Benjamin, "Theses on the Philosophy of History," 254. 35. Nora, "Between Memory and History," 12. 36. , 13. 37. Ibid. 38. , 11. 39. , 15. 40. I am influenced by Nancy Wood's argument for Nora's lieux de memoire as an analytic framework. " Wood, "Memory's Remains," 147. 41. , 144-145. 42. , 129. 43. Gillis, "Memory and Identity," 8. 44. For a theoretical explanation and focus on the recovery of Masada and Cyprus, see Bernard Lewis, History Remembered, Recovered, Invented (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1975).
55. Ibid. 56. , 96. 57. , 93. 58. , 94. 59. Eric Hobsbawm, "Introduction: Inventing Traditions," in The Invention of Tradition, ed. Eric Hobsbawn and Terence Ranger (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983), 4. 60. , 13. 61. Eric Hobsbawm, "Mass-Producing Traditions: Europe 1870-1914," in The Invention of Tradition, 270-272. The Ambiguity of Memory and Identity 33 62. See Theodor Adorno, "Valery Proust Museum," in his Prisms (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1967), 175. 63. See Friedrich Nietzsche, "On the Uses and Disadvantages of History for Life," in his Untimely Mediations, trans.
26. Pierre Nora, "Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Memoire," Representations 26 (Spring 1989): 7. 27. Ibid. 28. , 7-8. 29. Andreas Huyssen, "Monuments and Holocaust Memory in a Media Age," in his Twilight Memories (New York: Routledge, 1995), 253. , Zeitphdnomen Musealisierung: Das Verschwinden der Gegenwart und die Konstruktion der Erinnerung (Essen: Klartext Verlag, 1990), 40-50. Also see Hermann Liibbe, Die Aufdringlichkeit der Geschichte (Graz, Vienna, and Cologne: Verlag Styria, 1989).