Download After the Girls Club: How Teenaged Holocaust Survivors Built by Carole Bell Ford PDF

By Carole Bell Ford

After global struggle II the ladies membership of Brooklyn, ny, grew to become domestic and refuge to a small workforce of younger girls, orphaned within the Holocaust, whose tales characterize the studies of tens of hundreds of thousands of kid survivors. This e-book follows them from youth to the current as they, opposite to early predictions, outfitted new and winning lives in the US. In previous age the ladies, once more, are defying bleak expectancies.

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Additional info for After the Girls Club: How Teenaged Holocaust Survivors Built New Lives in America

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As a result of the overwhelming impact of anti-Semitism, many also describe their despair at living in “a world in which 20 CHAPTER 2 young people found it extraordinarily difficult to find a place for themselves” (Steinlauf, 2002, p. 2 Anti-Jewish attitudes were not a new phenomenon, of course. They had been part of Polish life since Jews were first permitted to settle in Poland around the middle of the fourteenth century. By that time anti-Jewish sentiment in most of Western Europe had intensified to the point that Jews, consistently blamed for a variety of transgressions and subversions, were even blamed for causing the Black Death by poisoning the wells.

However, for these girls and many other Jewish children, “for a protracted period. . previous familiar anchors—relatives, possessions, home, daily routines, social etiquette, community—had been stripped away” (Haas, 1996a, p. 100). After 1939—when Bronka, Lusia, Dorka, and Frania were transferred to the ghetto; Irma was sent away to an orphanage in France; Basia was put into hiding; Sonia was sent into the woods; and Renia’s mother took her to what she believed was safety on the “Russian side”—their circumstances became anything but normal.

10 Some are dragging sleds through the snowy streets, piled high with whatever they were able to hold on to; others are pulling open wagons; many are simply carrying packs on their backs; one young man is carrying a heavy wrought iron headboard LODZ 27 on his shoulders. In a memoir, excerpts of which accompanied photos in the exhibition, a witness wrote: Frost-bitten and often snow-blinded, long columns of Jews of different social status arduously thronged in the direction of the ghetto—men and women, the old and the children.

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