By Thomas J. Laub
German coverage in occupied France in the course of the moment international battle was once in lots of methods a narrative of sour inner clash among many of the German firms accountable for the profession. After the Fall presents a close research of the fight among those diverse organizations, highlighting the numerous variations in ideology, coverage, and procedure among the military, the SS, and the diplomatic provider, and the rivalries among them of their fight for dominance. It additionally appears at what those battles implied for the course of German coverage in France, from the exploitation of the French economic system and the suppression of resistance task, to the try to perform Nazi racial plans. within the technique, it sheds a lot gentle on either the internal workings of the Nazi regime and at the judgements made by way of the French govt in the course of the process the occupation.
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Extra resources for After the Fall: German Policy in Occupied France, 1940-1944
According to Müller’s analysis, the ofﬁcer corps initially misjudged Hitler and was later seduced by foreign policy successes in the Rhineland and Austria. After the 1938 Blomberg-Fritsch affair, leading ofﬁcers such as ²³ Gordon Craig, The Politics of the Prussian Army, 1640–1945 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1955), pp. 496–503; John W. Wheeler-Bennett, The Nemesis of Power: The German Army in Politics, 1918–1945 (London: Macmillan, 1953), pp. 694–700. 11 after the fall General Ludwig Beck grasped the extent of Hitler’s ambitions and began to doubt his acumen.
Realizing that formal protests would accomplish nothing, his cousin and successor, 19 after the fall Carl-Heinrich von Stülpnagel, carried out Hitler’s orders with perfunctory enthusiasm and plotted to overthrow the Nazi regime. Although they chose to employ very different tactics, both Stülpnagels opposed Hitler’s racial agenda and their actions had far-reaching consequences. Hitler diminished the authority of the MBF by transferring control of all German security troops to Himmler’s SS in the summer of 1942.
Vernichtungskrieg: Verbrechen der Wehrmacht. ³¹ Hannes Heer, ‘Die Logik des Vernichtungskrieges: Wehrmacht und Partisanenkampf,’ in Vernichtungskrieg: Verbrechen der Wehrmacht, pp. 104–138. ³² Alexander B. Rossino, Hitler Strikes Poland: Blitzkrieg, Ideology, and Atrocity (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2003). ’³³ At ﬁrst glance, the ‘good army, bad SS’ model seems to describe the German army in occupied France. ³⁴ While hostilities raged, German soldiers usually treated Caucasian opponents in accordance with the rules of war.