By Charles P. Bourne
Each box of historical past has a uncomplicated desire for an in depth chronology of what occurred: who did what whilst. within the absence of one of these source, fanciful money owed flourish. This e-book offers a wealthy narrative of the early improvement of on-line details retrieval structures and prone, from 1963 to 1976--a interval very important to a person who makes use of a seek engine, on-line catalog, or huge database. Drawing on own event, broad examine, and interviews with a number of the key individuals, the publication describes the members, tasks, and associations of the interval. It additionally corrects many universal error and misconceptions and gives milestones for plenty of of the numerous advancements in on-line structures and expertise.
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Extra info for A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976
The proposed system was expected to begin partial operations by April 1967 and to be fully operational by 1969 (Smith 1965). During 1963–1965, New York State provided over $600,000 to SDC for this project. Chapter 2 LUCID Another SDC development took place in November 1964, also under an ARPA contract. LUCID (Language Used to Communicate Information System Design) Phase I was demonstrated using the Q-32 computer, under the direction of Emory Franks, with the participation of P. A. DeSimone. In June of the previous year, Franks (1963) had described LUCID as providing both a language in which designs of data management systems could be expressed, and a programming system to convert this expression of design automatically into something that could be run on a computer.
SDC could assure corporate objectivity by its not-for-proﬁt status and nonparticipation in hardware manufac- 17 turing activities. It was able to provide strict security safeguards for sensitive and proprietary information. SDC’s scientists represented a diversity of technical backgrounds and were able to apply their special mix of skills to problems and projects in the public interest. Soon after its establishment, SDC’s charter was expanded to help build the SAGE air defense system, the ﬁrst large-scale command and control system.
In 1968 plans were made to operate it in an online time-sharing mode, but this goal was never fully implemented (Wallace 1966a; Wallace 1967; Wallace and Park 1968). Wallace’s hope of having SURF mounted on SDC’s time-sharing system had to be set aside because the programming staff of SDC’s Research Division was already fully committed to ORBIT online search system development. SURF and MADAM never went online as intended, but we mention them here because they were part of the SDC creative working environment that led to the online systems described in this chapter as well as in chapter 6.